By Noel Burton-Roberts
This hugely winning textual content has lengthy been thought of the traditional advent to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. It covers key ideas resembling constituency, classification and capabilities, and likewise utilises tree diagrams all through to assist the reader visualise the constitution of sentences.
In this fourth variation, Analysing Sentences has been completely revised and now includes a fresh significant other site with extra actions and routines for college kids and a solution ebook for the in-text workouts for professors. the additional actions at the site supply scholars perform in deciding upon syntactic phenomena in working textual content and may aid to deepen knowing of this subject.
Accessible and transparent, this e-book is the precise textbook for readers coming to this subject for the 1st time. that includes many in-text, end-of-chapter and additional routines, it really is compatible for self-directed research in addition to to be used as center analyzing on classes.
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Additional resources for Analysing sentences: an introduction to English syntax
Look at  again. The sequence a + stream + that + had + dried + up is represented as a constituent because the elements (words, in this case) can all be traced back to a single node that does not dominate any other element, namely, PHRASE-b. The sequence beside + a, on the other hand, is not represented as a constituent because the only node that dominates both those words (namely, PHRASE-a) dominates other elements as well (namely, stream, that, had, dried, and up). Similarly, in the incorrect phrase marker , a stream that had dried up is not represented as a constituent because there is no node that dominates all and only those words.
2. Draw a phrase marker for the phrase no previous experience of syntax, showing that it contains the phrase previous experience of syntax as a constituent, which in turn has the phrase experience of syntax as a constituent, which in turn has the phrase of syntax as a constituent (which, of course, is made up by of and syntax). 3. The new students are very worried is a sentence. Assume that it has two phrases as immediate constituents: the new students and are very worried. Further, assume the new students consists of the word the and the phrase new students.
G) On one interpretation the sequence is a constituent, cf. Sam managed to touch him and Who did Sam manage to touch? ) On the other interpretation, it is not a single phrase but a sequence of two phrases. Cf. Sam managed to touch him with an umbrella, Who did Sam manage to touch with an umbrella? ) 5. The fact that (b) is a well-formed sentence means that every sequence of words omitted from (a) in order to form (b) can be counted as a constituent of (a). These are: Being of a cautious disposition very wisely heavily built whenever he drank at the Wrestler’s Arms.
Analysing sentences: an introduction to English syntax by Noel Burton-Roberts