By L. Ho, R. van Leeuwen, P. T. V. M. de Jong, J. R. Vingerling, C. C. W. Klaver (auth.), Frank G. Holz, Daniel Pauleikhoff, Richard F. Spaide, Alan C. Bird (eds.)
Age-related macular degeneration is the commonest reason for the lack of crucial imaginative and prescient past the age of fifty in business countries. Triplication of the variety of affected sufferers is anticipated over the subsequent 25 years. particularly over the past years the normal of data relating to etiology, danger components, diagnostics and treatment of this retina disorder has considerably grown – this can be coated during this updated multi-authored paintings. except epidemiologically and genetically pointed out probability components either some of the pathophysiological features together with the function of the supplement approach and medical manifestations together with OCT and angiographic features are basically represented. moreover, the various healing methods are awarded and mentioned, together with confirmed approaches reminiscent of intravitreal anti-VEGF remedy and seeing-aid structures, as well as the newest and upcoming equipment within the zone of pharmacology. the amount is well-illustrated and tables and summaries entire the presentation.
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Extra resources for Age-related Macular Degeneration
The BDES studied the 5-year incidence of early AMD in relation to antioxidant intake, and did not find an association. However, inverse associations were observed for the development of specific macular lesions, large drusen, and pigmentary abnormalities . AREDS reported a reduced likelihood of progression from bilateral drusen to GA with higher levels of w-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids . 90). Similarly, several studies have shown that higher dietary intake of omega-3 fatty acids reduced progression of AMD by 30–59% [273–275].
In addition, one study with Anglo-Celtic ethnicity replicated the inverse association for the R32Q/IVS10 haplotype but not for the L9H/ E318D haplotype. The universality of the involvement of CFB R32Q in the pathogenesis of AMD is strengthened by the similar magnitude of the protective effect of this variant which is relatively common in both Caucasian and Indian populations. In addition, the protective R32Q/IVS10 haplotype seen in Caucasians was also validated in the Indian AMD cohort . 3 Complement Component 3 (C3) Complement component C3 is the convergence point of all complement pathways (classical, lectin, and alternative).
17. Arch Ophthalmol 123(11):1484–1498 Ferris FL, Davis MD, Clemons TE et al (2005) A simplified severity scale for age-related macular degeneration: AREDS Report No. 18. Arch Ophthalmol 123(11):1570–1574 Bressler SB, Munoz B, Solomon SD, West SK (2008) Racial differences in the prevalence of age-related macular degeneration: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation (SEE) Project. Arch Ophthalmol 126(2):241–245 Klein R, Klein BE, Jensen SC, Meuer SM (1997) The fiveyear incidence and progression of age-related maculopathy: the Beaver Dam Eye Study.
Age-related Macular Degeneration by L. Ho, R. van Leeuwen, P. T. V. M. de Jong, J. R. Vingerling, C. C. W. Klaver (auth.), Frank G. Holz, Daniel Pauleikhoff, Richard F. Spaide, Alan C. Bird (eds.)