By Daniel Abou-Ras, Thomas Kirchartz, Uwe Rau
The booklet makes a speciality of complex characterization equipment for thin-film sun cells that experience confirmed their relevance either for educational and company photovoltaic examine and improvement. After an creation to thin-film photovoltaics, hugely skilled specialists file on equipment and fabrics characterization tools reminiscent of electroluminescence research, capacitance spectroscopy, and numerous microscopy tools. within the ultimate a part of the ebook simulation innovations are awarded that are used for ab-initio calculations of correct semiconductors and for equipment simulations in 1D, second and 3D.
Building on a confirmed thought, this new version additionally covers thermography, temporary optoelectronic tools, and absorption and photocurrent spectroscopy.
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De>. © 2016 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Boschstr. 12, 69469 Weinheim, Germany All rights reserved (including those of translation into other languages). No part of this book may be reproduced in any form – by photoprinting, microﬁlm, or any other means – nor transmitted or translated into a machine language without written permission from the publishers. Registered names, trademarks, etc. used in this book, even when not speciﬁcally marked as such, are not to be considered unprotected by law.
These include Si thin ﬁlms grown by liquid-phase crystallization, vacuum- or solution-processed kesterites (Cu2 ZnSn(S,Se)4 ), organic absorber layers, and in particular a completely new family of solution-processible photovoltaic absorber materials, which have reached astonishingly high eﬃciencies. This material family is a particular type of perovskites, comprising an organic molecule, a metal, and a halogen on diﬀerent lattice positions. In spite of their already high conversion eﬃciencies of more than 20%, solar cells based on perovskite absorbers face numerous challenges such as stability and toxicity of the materials.
23 64287 Darmstadt Germany National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden, CO 80401-3305 USA Sascha Sadewasser INL–International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory Laboratory for Nanostructured Solar Cells Av. Mestre José Veiga s/n 4715-330 Braga Portugal Roland Scheer Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg Photovoltaics Group/ Institute of Physics Von-Danckelmann-Platz 3 06120 Halle (Saale) Germany XXIII XXIV List of Contributors Thomas Schmid Rolf Stangl Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing Richard-Willstätter-Str.
Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells by Daniel Abou-Ras, Thomas Kirchartz, Uwe Rau