Download e-book for kindle: A syntax of substance by David Adger

By David Adger

ISBN-10: 0262018616

ISBN-13: 9780262018616

ISBN-10: 0262312239

ISBN-13: 9780262312233

ISBN-10: 0262518309

ISBN-13: 9780262518307

In A Syntax of Substance, David Adger proposes a brand new method of word constitution that eschews useful heads and labels buildings exocentrically. His idea concurrently simplifies the syntactic approach and restricts the variety of attainable constructions, ruling out the ever present (remnant) roll-up derivations and forcing a separation of arguments from their obvious heads. This new procedure has a few empirical effects, which Adger explores within the area of relational nominals throughout diverse language households, together with Germanic, Romance, Celtic, Polynesian, and Semitic. He indicates that the relationality of such nouns as hand, edge, or mother -- which appear to have as a part of their that means a relation among ingredients -- is absolutely a part of the syntactic illustration during which they're used instead of an inherent a part of their which means. This empirical final result follows without delay from the recent syntactic procedure, as does a singular research of PP enhances to nouns and possessors. Given this, he argues that nouns can, generally, be considered easily requisites of substance, differentiating them from precise predicates.

A Syntax of Substance bargains an leading edge contribution to debates in theoretical syntax in regards to the nature of syntactic representations and the way they connect with semantic interpretation and linear order.

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If we did, we would expect to see constituents moving not because they are of a particular category but rather because they are either the right or left element of a linearly ordered pair. , second-position effects). In what follows I will therefore place i-specifiers to the left of their icomplements in the trees I give, although it should be noted that these are 50 Chapter 3 structures whose order is given by the mapping to the phonological systems, rather than an inherent ordering in the syntax.

This implies what one might call complete severance: not Labels and Structures 35 only is the external argument severed from the predicate and introduced by a (semi-)functional category v (Kratzer 1996), but the internal argument also has to be introduced outside the lexical category (Borer 2005b; and more recently, work following Pietroski’s conjunctivist program for semantics, such as Pietroski 2005; Hunter 2011; Lohndal 2011). This amounts to a deconstruction of the notion of θ-domain (or θ-structure or first phase) as a series of syntactic Merge operations, each of which correlates with the introduction of a semantic argument.

This might seem to introduce a puzzle into our syntactic system, because there is now no notion of a syntactic domain that correlates with the semantic function of argument introduction. ), it is only first Merge (the complement of the lexical category) that counts as Merge to the lexical category, and nothing, beyond a stipulation, guarantees that subsequent Merge operations will correlate with argument introduction. Complete severance simply removes the stipulation. However, although there is no theoretical puzzle, one might think that there is an empirical one: the relevant assumption of the standard system, where all arguments are introduced before any other functional structure is introduced, has been classically assumed with little ill effect.

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A syntax of substance by David Adger

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