Download e-book for iPad: A Review of the Scientific Literature As It Pertains to Gulf by Grant N. Marshall

By Grant N. Marshall

ISBN-10: 0585302367

ISBN-13: 9780585302362

ISBN-10: 0833026798

ISBN-13: 9780833026798

Studies that pressure can produce myriad wellbeing and fitness results, and those results can occur themselves as signs and prerequisites just like those who veterans document.

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Additional resources for A Review of the Scientific Literature As It Pertains to Gulf War Illnesses, Volume 4: Stress (Gulf War Illnesses Series)

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These associations tended to be modest. Like the PTSD studies, nearly all of these studies relied on veterans' self-reports of symptoms using symptom checklists, rather than diagnostic interviews. They also suffer from the same methodological problems. As a result, drawing definitive conclusions about the role of stress in non-PTSD mental health problems of Gulf War veterans is difficult. Gulf War and Somatic Health Problems Few studies were designed or reported in a manner that permit us to draw firm conclusions concerning the relationship between stress exposure and actual physical disease.

In certain circumstances and for certain individuals, stressful experiences can contribute to health problems. For the purpose of this review, we define stress as a real or perceived imbalance between environmental demands required for survival and an individual's capacity to adapt to these requirements. Circumstances that individuals perceive as stressful trigger an integrated series of responsesphysiological, behavioral, and psychologicalto adapt to the environmental demands. Although these responses may have short-term benefits, over time they may act in concert with other host and environmental risk factors to increase the likelihood of psychological or somatic symptoms.

They relied on self-report measures or retrospective reporting of exposures, they contained little data from representative samples of deployed personnel, and they did not generally attempt to rule out other etiologic factors. As a result, these studies provide evidencealbeit suggestiveof a link between stress exposure and PTSD. Gulf War and Non-PTSD Mental Health Problems Ten studies reported on the relationship between stress exposure and other mental health problems. Although differing in numerous respects, including sample sizes and the operational definition of both stress exposure and mental health, most of these studies provided evidence of a relationship between stress exposure and psychological distress.

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A Review of the Scientific Literature As It Pertains to Gulf War Illnesses, Volume 4: Stress (Gulf War Illnesses Series) by Grant N. Marshall

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