A History of Science, Technology, and Philosophy in the 16th by A. Wolf, F. Dannemann, A. Armitage, Douglas McKie PDF

By A. Wolf, F. Dannemann, A. Armitage, Douglas McKie

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Had already instituted such experiments. But the relation hitherto studied had been solely that between the pitch of a note and the length of the string. Galilei first drew attention to the rate of vibrations (or fre­ quency) as the really important factor in determining the pitch of a note produced by any sounding body. By simple experiments like the above Galilei discovered that the rates o f vibration for GALILEO GALILEI 53 the key-note, the fourth, the fifth, and the octave above it are in the proportion of 1 :4/3 : 3/2 : 2, that is, as 6 : 8 : 9 : 12 {Discourses concerning Two New Sciences, First Day, near the end).

21). The tube was filled with mercury, and the cover was put on, with the bladder inside the chamber. The mercury was allowed to subside, and a Torricellian vacuum was thus formed around the bladder, which immediately swelled to its full size under the pressure of the contained air. With similar apparatus it was shown that, in a Torricellian vacuum, the familiar rise of liquids in fine tubes still occurred, that drops of liquid retained their globular form, and that a needle was attracted by a magnet, these phenomena being therefore inde­ pendent of the pressure of the air.

Now insert the wooden cylinder EH in the hollow cylinder AD, so as not to touch the upper end o f the latter but to leave free a space of two or three finger-breadths; this space is to be filled with water by holding the vessel with the mouth CD upwards, pushing down the stopper EH, and at the same time keeping the conical head of the wire, I, away from the hollow portion of the wooden cylinder. The air is thus allowed to escape alongside the iron wire (which does not make a close fit) as soon as one presses down the.

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A History of Science, Technology, and Philosophy in the 16th and 17th Centuries by A. Wolf, F. Dannemann, A. Armitage, Douglas McKie

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