Alan Cruse's A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics (Glossary Of...) PDF

By Alan Cruse

ISBN-10: 0748621113

ISBN-13: 9780748621118

This easy-to-use advisor illuminates key options and phrases in semantics and pragmatics and the learn of which means because it is conveyed via language.

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The choice of representation will always depend on the task at hand. A particular task might foreground inferencing based on collections of 'instantial facts' in a data base; or it might foreground taxonomic organization and inferencing based on hyponymy (classification), and so on. g. towards perspicuity on the one hand and towards automatic manipulation on the other. 2 Logic Logic is attractive because its properties are well understood in terms of both fonnationrules ('syntax1) and interpretation ('semantics') and it can be used to support inferencing.

If each feature is interpreted as a type, this gives us a lattice of types. In European structuralist terms, the network is a representation of the paradigmatic organization of a linguistic system. However, it is also 19 The exception is a special type of system, the logical recursive system. ) Non-logical systems are purely declarative — terms such as "choice" and "entry condition" do not imply a procedural interpretation; they merely indicate that the system network can be traversed. For the interpretation of logical recursive systems, see Bateman (1989).

Here the domain of expression is a 4-dimensional signing space-time in a field of perception shared by signer and addressee (though clearly perceived from different angles). The spatial orientation and the shared perception increase the potential for iconicity in the expression; Johnston (1992) points out: "Despite an oral-aural language being suited to iconically encode sounds, the fact that our experience as a whole is visual, temporal and spatial means that a language which has itself visual and temporal resources for representation has greater means than an auditory one to map onto itself those very visual and spatial qualities of the world it wishes to represent" Johnston's insight into the power of representation embodied in Sign is central also to the general challenge of representation in metalanguage.

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A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics (Glossary Of...) by Alan Cruse

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