Download e-book for iPad: A Glossary of Cognitive Linguistics by Vyvyan Evans

By Vyvyan Evans

ISBN-10: 0748622799

ISBN-13: 9780748622795

Cognitive linguistics is without doubt one of the so much swiftly increasing colleges in linguistics with, by way of now, a magnificent and intricate technical vocabulary. This alphabetic advisor provides an up to date creation to the main phrases in cognitive linguistics, masking the entire significant theories, methods, principles and plenty of of the suitable theoretical constructs. The word list additionally encompasses a short creation to cognitive linguistics, a close annotated analyzing record and an inventory of a few of the foremost researchers in cognitive linguistics. The thesaurus can be utilized as a spouse quantity to Cognitive Linguistics, by means of Vyvyan Evans and Melanie eco-friendly, or as a stand-alone advent to cognitive linguistics and its hitherto most sensible built sub-branches: cognitive semantics, and cognitive techniques to grammar.

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Rather than positing universal linguistic principles, cognitive linguists posit a common set of cognitive abilities which serve to both facilitate and constrain the development of our conceptual system. A GLOSSARY OF COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS 39 conceptually autonomous The property of being independently meaningful which is associated with nominal predications. For instance, expressions such as bed or slipper invoke concepts that are independently meaningful. The property of being conceptually autonomous contrasts with concepts which are conceptually dependent.

Fillmore and Kay authored two classic Construction Grammar papers which presented case studies of the let alone construction and the What’s X doing Y construction. 44 A GLOSSARY OF COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS One of the notable features of Construction Grammar is that this model is ‘monostratal’: containing only one level of syntactic representation rather than a sequence of structures linked by transformations: a feature that characterises theories of grammar in formal linguistics such as generative models of grammar.

Certain clusters of prepositions appear to pattern as a system serving to divide up various spatial dimensions. For example, above, over, under and below form a contrast set that divides the vertical dimension of space into four related subspaces, as illustrated in Figure 8. As Figure 8 shows, over and under tend to refer to those subspaces along the vertical axis that are physically closer to the landmark, while above and below tend to designate relations in which the trajector is further away from the landmark.

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A Glossary of Cognitive Linguistics by Vyvyan Evans

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