By Gwendolyn Leick
This Dictionary supplies a complete survey of the full variety of historic close to japanese structure from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the enormous temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Gwendolyn Leick examines the advance of the important kinds of historical structure inside their geographical and old context, and describes beneficial properties of significant websites equivalent to Ur, Nineveh and Babylon, in addition to a few of the lesser-known websites. She additionally covers the diversities of average historical architectural constructions reminiscent of pyramids, tombs and homes, info the construction fabric and strategies hired, and clarifies professional terminology.
0203041070 grasp book ISBN
0203199650 (Adobe eReader structure)
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Additional resources for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture
They too repeat elevational details such as windows, niches and doorways of the temple itself and are therefore of great archaeological interest. In Palestine, ‘horned’ altars with raised corners on a block were common in Biblical times. ‘Tabernacle’ altars of the same shape were equipped with rings and staves and hollowed out for easy transport. Monumental open-air fire altars with a flight of steps leading to a platform were built for the specific requirements of the Achaemenian religion. altar Altintepe Summary designation for bench- or tablelike structures associated with religious practices such as offerings and sacrifices.
The subterranean chambers had parallel stone walls filled with rubble, and were roofed either with flat slabs or a pseudo-vault. Above ground, a mudbrick superstructure resting on stone and PISÉ foundations enclosed a single large chamber. The habit of interring the king in a stone sarcophagus inside underground vaults may derive from Assyria. Next to the tombs was an open-air temple with four stelae and an altar surrounded by a stone wall on four sides. Such installations are associated with the Urartian funerary cult practices.
The single small CELLA (5m×5m) contained the image of the state god Haldi. The cella and the walls of the colonnade were originally decorated with paintings, as in other The architectural remains of interest date from the Hittite period (c. 19th–12th C BC). The fair-sized town (c. 4km2) was surrounded by a circular stone wall pierced by two substantial gates. The main gate, which is still preserved in the lower part, had monolithic jambs with carved sphinxes and relief-decorated orthostats. Streets and public buildings were carefully aligned and distributed around open spaces.
A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture by Gwendolyn Leick