By Abraham Mendis Gunasekara
Excerpt from A entire Grammar of the Sinhalese Language: tailored for using English Readers and Prescribed for the Civil provider Examinations
HE absence of a finished Grammar of the Sinhalese Language suited for the necessities of English readers instructed to me a few years in the past the desirability of getting ready this type of paintings.
The manuscript was once accomplished in June, 1885. In 1888 sanction was once bought for its being published on the Govern ment Press. because then a variety of factors have not on time its factor.
Whatever rest i've been capable, as a central authority respectable, to commit to literary paintings, has now not been spared in a conscientious endeavour to render the ebook useful of its item. I humbly belief that my efforts haven't been altogether unsuccessful.
In the practise of the current Grammar i've got availed myself of numerous works on Sinhalese Grammar, via either old and sleek authors. it's been written in a sort most sensible tailored to fit people who are accustomed to eu Grammars. as a result of the multiplicity of ex amples and factors, and the creation of a few subject now not might be strictly appertaining to the province of a Grammar, yet more likely to be of use, its scope has surpassed the boundaries initially pondered.
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Extra info for A comprehensive grammar of the Sinhalese language,: Adapted for the use of English readers and prescribed for the civil service examinations
In discussing what it is for a word to be a noun, we’ve also seen examples that illustrate how nouns behave. There are three main ways in which we can readily identify a noun. 1. g. evaluation – evaluations). 2. g. the apple – an apple). 3. g. the juicy apple – the red apple in the fridge). 2 Pronouns Usually the class of pronouns is included in the word class of noun but this hides a major difference in how they work in the language. Clearly, there are significant similarities in terms of how they are used by speakers but pronouns are not simply another kind of noun.
8 Conjunctions The class of conjunctions forms a relatively small set of words which serve to link or connect words, groups and clauses. They all work and behave in a very similar way. g. to group together as with and, or to contrast or exclude as with or) as in the following examples. c Conjoining words: I like [dogs] and [cats]. c Conjoining groups: I only read [historical novels] or [trashy magazines]. c Conjoining clauses: [I like John] but [he doesn’t like me]. g. suffixes) as is possible with nouns, verbs, and adjectives and adverbs.
C Can the word be made comparative, as in quicker, happier, faster, more quickly? 6 Prepositions Prepositions are words that typically indicate direction of some kind usually in relation to a nominal group, such as in the box, on the table, behind the chair, around the tree. They sometimes appear on their own without the nominal group to indicate the direction or location: for example, I’ll take this coffee up to my father now. Prepositions combine with other words such as nouns and verbs to create new words, such as upstairs, back-up or understand.
A comprehensive grammar of the Sinhalese language,: Adapted for the use of English readers and prescribed for the civil service examinations by Abraham Mendis Gunasekara